Saturday, October 12, 2019
Public Education: Funding based Upon Race Essay examples -- Teaching E
Public Education: Funding based Upon Race EducationÃ¢â¬ ¦beyond all other devices of human origin, is a great equalizer of the conditions of menÃ¢â¬âthe balance wheel of the social machinery. I do not here mean that it so elevates the moral nature as to make men disdain and abhor the oppression of their fellow menÃ¢â¬ ¦But I mean that it gives each man the independence and the means by which he can resist the selfishness of other men. It does better than to disarm the poor of their hostility toward the rich: it prevents being poor. Ã¢â¬âHorace Mann, 1848 Public education in the United States is exalted as the Ã¢â¬Å"great equalizer.Ã¢â¬ This utopian concept would be true if the education provided to all citizens was equal. Unfortunately, the dueling principles upon which the American nation was foundedÃ¢â¬â freedom to accumulate wealth and equality for allÃ¢â¬âinhibit the establishment and maintenance of equal education. Funding inequities within the United States public education system embody the tension between oneÃ¢â¬â¢s right to accumulate capital and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s duty to guarantee equality for all. As the current system stands, the right to accumulate and utilize financial resources prevails. Thus, an educational system that perpetuates the economic inequality of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s racial groups endures. In the 1954 United States Supreme Court case, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, school segregation was found to be unconstitutional. On behalf of the Court, Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote, Ã¢â¬Å"We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of Ã¢â¬Ëseparate but equalÃ¢â¬â¢ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.Ã¢â¬ The reasoning behind the unanimous decision diverged from the line of argumentation that had been used by civil rig... ...ll Curve: How Education MattersÃ¢â¬ in Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 64, No. 3 (1995). Kozol, Jonathan, Savage Inequalities (New York: Harper Perennial, 1991). MacPhail-Wilcox, B. and R.A. King, Ã¢â¬Å"Resource allocation studies: Implications for school improvement and school finance researchÃ¢â¬ in Journal of Education Finance, vol. 11 (1986). Massey, Douglas S. and Nancy A. Denton, American Apartheid (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1993). Murray, Charles, Lossing Ground (New York: Basic Books, 1984). Taylor, W.L., and D.M. Piche A report on shortchanging children: The impact of fiscal inequity on the education of students at risk (1991). Wilson, William Julius, The Truly Disadvantaged (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1987). Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, (1954). Campaign for Fiscal Equity, et al v. the State of New York (2000).