Tuesday, February 4, 2020

HUMAN RIGHTS Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words - 1

HUMAN RIGHTS - Assignment Example The Second World War was unique in its own way and presented number of challenges. It had brought about destruction and catastrophe in a form never seen before (Ishay, 2008, p.179). It saw the usage of atomic bomb. A bomb that was strong enough to bring down entire cities. A single bomb resulted in life loss of over 46 thousand in Japan. The war had left millions dead, and those who managed to survive did not count themselves lucky just because of the troubles they faced. The problems at the end of the Second World War were multifold, ranging from economic and politic to social and humanitarian. All sought immediate solution. For this purpose, a realisation developed to create an entity that would protect the rights of people and provide them with shelter in form of human rights protection acts and resolutions. This entity came into existence in the name of United Nations. It was right in the last phases of the Second World War, where the resolve was shown for establishing such an en tity that would protect the people. The first causality of war is always humanity. Regardless of the size of war, be it a local war, local dispute between tribes, a bilateral war or a war that spreads across the continent and across the ocean, all eye human life and human rights. The resolve against human depravity and exploitation was shown, and the aims included protection of the human rights and ensuring that no other war takes place in history again. So far, the United Nations has succeeded to a certain extent in ensuring that the war is not fought on an international level. What has changed about the character of international relations? As a result of United Nations existence, the nations’ outlook and approach to international peace and regional stability has changed in a totally dynamic manner. Each nation is more concerned with the regional peace than they might had been in past. Under the charter of the United Nations, each of the country has the responsibility to en sure peace in their respective regions and also on international platform. They should denounce any oppression and any tyranny being performed in the name of governance over people. They should raise their voice for equality of the masses. They should denounce the actions of belligerents; for example, the case of the United States of America, which believed in international isolation prior to the Second World War and prior to the creation of the United Nations. It has changed its approach and has become an active member in the pursuit of global peace and protection of human rights ever since the end of the Second World War. This is the prime example of how the country’s mood has changed towards a more global community, where peace of one is peace of all. The United States stood totally indifferent to European conflicts in the First World War. And the prime example comes in form of the League of Nations and Woodrow Wilson Fourteen points that were not endorsed by the local bod ies. However, seeing the importance of international peace and stability, they changed their approach at the end of the Second World War. What kind of actor is best suited to pursue international human rights: individuals, NGOs, states or intergovernmental organizations? What are the strengths and weaknesses of each? Each of the members is an international entity in modern international law, and each has an onus of responsibility. Each works in their own domain towards achieving the goal of equal human rights and

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